How to feed the puppy, so that the baby gets everything you need, but at the same time his feeding was cheap? What to feed the puppy, what products and whether it makes sense to constantly change them in the diet? The article will tell the beginning dog breeder everything about feeding the puppies with natural food, as well as what products are required for the young organism to fully develop.
Next, we will only talk about feeding with natural products. The topic of feeding with dry fodders will be considered in other articles. To stir dry food with natural it is impossible, therefore let's understand with a food of the pet naturalka.
The heredity of the puppy plays a role in its development, but you can not change it. : умеренные физические нагрузки и правильное кормление щенка играют не менее важную роль, а потому полноценное развитие щенка зависит от хозяина. There is good news : moderate exercise and proper feeding of the puppy play an equally important role, and therefore the full development of the puppy depends on the owner. Specifically, what products to feed the puppy you will learn below, make up the same diet you will need individually, depending on the preferences of the animal. Immediately, all the rules and subtleties can not be memorized, but with each passing day you will gain experience, learn new things and eventually you will be well versed in the nutrition of the puppy with natural products. In short, to make a diet of feeding a puppy is not difficult, just a master needs time to improve their knowledge in this area.
Dog owners endlessly argue about the best way to feed a puppy. As everyone knows, a dog is a predator who eats meat. It's really possible to get the groats in nature except from the stomach of the victim, and even then there is not a lot of it. Clearly, the main ingredient in the diet for any dog is meat and meat products. But to feed only with meat is also bad. First, read the basic rules for feeding the puppy, after which it will be a question of the types of foods suitable for its nutrition.
Why can not dogs be sweet , pork and some other foods that you probably eat almost every day?
Why does not a dog eat even when it looks healthy and fun? Often this problem is solved by skipping one or two feedings, but sometimes it is useful to use some tricks.
How to accustom the puppy to the toilet , so that he goes only to where the owner wants? Teaching to the toilet does not take long if you work properly from the beginning.
How to wean a puppy to bite for master hands and feet or during an aggression on the hosts? With the aggression of the puppy it is not difficult to cope, especially since at a young age they still "do not know how" to bite, that is, they do it poorly.
Everywhere a measure is needed.The puppy should receive a sufficient amount of food for him. Overfeeding is no better than underfeeding. The right amount of food is selected based on the age of the puppy and its weight, but in the process you will be able to see whether the puppy is eating enough or whether you need to increase / decrease the portion.
How many times to feed the puppy?At the end of the article there is a table that will help you to understand the necessary amount of puppy feeding per day. Puppies until 2 months are fed about 6 times a day, while individuals from 10 months to a year are already fed as adult dogs - 2 times a day.
How much time to give for food?For one feeding, give the puppy 15-20 minutes of time, then safely remove the half-eaten porridge in the refrigerator, regardless of whether he ate or not. So you will teach the puppy to eat without stretching the process of feeding for half a day, for which food is surely spoiled. Try to be strict in this regard.
What to do in case of missed feeding?If, for whatever reason, you did not feed your puppy in time, then in the next feeding you can not report food to compensate for the missed meal. That is, just give as much as you normally give.
Do not look for replacement for important products.It is not necessary to replace meat or dairy products with less inexpensive ingredients. For example, instead of meat to feed more cereals or vegetables. This fact is clear to most dog breeders, but judging by experience - not all.
What vitamins do puppies need?The most important vitamins in the diet say in a separate article about vitamins for dogs and puppies of all ages.
Diversify the diet.Try to give different foods. That is, sometimes give fish instead of meat, and sometimes kefir instead of cottage cheese, etc. However, it happens that the puppy experiences a greater appetite for meat than to the fish, that is, to some specific product. Then it is more logical to give more favorite products more often, and less loved ones for a while to stop giving at all. For a week or two or more. After a while, the appetite for these products should return to the puppy. Need a little break.
Is the puppy full?How do you know if the puppy is full or not? Caring owners are constantly worried about whether their pet eats or is undernourished. Find out whether a puppy is hungry or not. When the animal is hungry, it is left to the bowl without leaving anything. Then increase the serving for the next feeding. Many dogs, if they are full, just leave a surplus of porridge in a bowl, but some individuals are particularly indifferent to food and will eat as much as they will. In general, take care that the puppy does not overeat.
Active eating after eating.Do not load the puppy with active physical activity immediately after eating. Let it take 1-2 hours, then you can play active games or run. Aggressive load immediately after eating will damage the puppy or even kill it. But it needs to be tried. Just do not make the puppy run through the force. Play some low-activity games.
Do I need to salt food to the puppy?All products contain salt, albeit in small quantities, but contain. Forget about adding salt to the diet. It is only necessary to put a pinch of salt in food.
Stand for eating.Be sure to make a stand for food and water to the puppy, so that he does not lean toward the floor trying to reach the bowl. The stores sell stands on adjustable tripods, which will allow you to simply adjust the desired height when the puppy grows up. Use an ordinary stool or make a podstavochku yourself, the main thing to establish a bowl at the chest level.
Fresh water.A puppy should always have a bowl of clean water to which he must have constant access. This is even more important for the owners who are feeding the puppy with dry food. A bowl with fresh water put on the stand.
What should I do when the puppy growls while feeding?So the owner needs to be educated. The puppy growls when he wants to show his character. This behavior is better to correct from childhood. Read what to do if the puppy growls when he eats . It will take a little work, but know - growling at eating is a very petty problem, although it is better to solve it immediately and forget it.
First, we will understand the proportions of feeding, and then we'll see what to feed the puppies, that is, specifically what products. Puppy at the age of 2 months should receive about 35-50% of meat per day, 40-50% of dairy products and about 15-25% of cereals and vegetables. After three months the puppy is given more meat than dairy products. Thus, a puppy from 3 years old and older should eat about 50-70% of meat, from 25 to 50% of dairy products, up to 20% of vegetables and 10-15% of different cereals.
. Note :
. Give your favorite products . Actually, give what the animal loves more. If a 4 month old puppy eats badly cottage cheese but is more willing to fish, then cut the amount of dairy products in the diet and increase the meat.
. Meat and dairy products, let's separate . Do not feed dairy products and meat for one meal. Meat let's raw (as a treatment suitable for a few days frost or watering with boiling water) or slightly boiled. To the meat, add vegetables and occasionally sunflower oil.
Do I need to strictly follow the diet? That is, is it necessary to produce milk or cottage cheese, if they are simply not at hand now, and in the daytime you are used to giving the puppy milk? Simply feed the animal with meat or meat porridge, there is nothing terrible in this. "To catch up" missed feeds with dairy products is also not worth it, just next time you buy everything you need.
|Age of the puppy (months)||Number of feedings||Feeding time|
|Up to 2||6-5||7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22|
|2-4||5-4||7, 10, 14, 18, 22|
|4-6||3-4||7, 12, 17, 22|
|6-10||3||7, 13-14, 21-22|
|10-12||2||7, 21, (22)|
For small puppies up to 3-3.5 months, dairy products are one of the main food products. Milk is prepared porridge for the puppy, or fed it separately. In addition to milk the puppy is fed with kefir, yogurt, cottage cheese and yoghurt. Self-made yogurt, by the way, is very inexpensive: from products you need only milk and leaven. Occasionally in porridge or dairy products it is useful to put a teaspoon of honey. Some owners cunning, and put in the same yogurt or yogurt pieces of carrots, apples, nuts, etc. Not all puppies like to gnaw apples, so there is a sense in such cunning.
. Note : Do you observe the easing of a chair in a puppy? Perhaps this is due to the feeding of the puppy with fatty dairy products. Try to give less fatty foods, but do not feed the puppy fat-free - they are even less useful.
In addition to feeding the usual fatty cottage cheese, be sure to prepare the calcined cottage cheese. To do this, pour a liter of milk into a pot and put there calcium chloride in the amount of two tablespoons, available for purchase at any pharmacy. Sometimes stirring the mixture bring it to the boiling point, then let cool to leave the saucepan on the stove. After cooling, the prepared composition will be divided and will consist of a transparent whey and a dense mass of cottage cheese. The resulting mass is fed as is, but if the puppy does not eat it well, then separate the whey and feed one cottage cheese. Some of the liquid is used when the cottage cheese is dry.
Can the puppy have raw meat? Before feeding the puppy raw meat of any animal, soak the product in the freezer for 2-3 days. Feed the meat frozen or cold, you can not, so first let it freeze to room temperature. Instead of freezing, meat can be doused with boiling water or put in the end of cooking porridge and cook until half cooked. Without treatment raw meat to a young puppy is better not to be fed. Unless you know well and trust the seller of meat.
What kind of meat can be given to a puppy? Pork is considered too fat for dogs, so it is not suitable for canine nutrition. It is also not recommended to feed the puppy with minced meat from any animal's meat. The puppy is fed beef, veal, rabbit meat, turkey, chicken, lamb and even horse meat. The emphasis in feeding meat on beef and veal, but the chicken should be given carefully - look at the reaction of the stomach. Do not neglect the feeding of the offal puppy (liver, heart, etc.), which will diversify the diet and make the food more appetizing for the puppy. Meat by-products are fed as well as meat, or boil them and mix with a small amount of porridge and vegetables. Cooked liver is especially popular with dogs.
How much does a puppy need a meat a day? One kilogram of the puppy's weight needs about 20-30 grams of meat per day. During the growth of the body, the need for nutrition increases, but the adult dog needs it less (about 15-25 grams per kilogram). The necessary amount of meat you will determine in practice, and if the dog lick the bowl clean, then perhaps it is worth slightly increasing the portion.
Is it possible to give a puppy a fish? Be sure to include the fish in the puppy's diet. Twice a week, feed the pet with fish, but if he does not like it, then feed more meat. Give the fish again after 1-2 weeks, so that the puppy after her "missed" and ate with great appetite. As an option - just give another kind of fish.
Sea fish let's raw or for sure leave it in the freezer for the same 2-3 days as meat, or boil / pour boiling water. The river is always better to handle, because it can have different parasites. Before feeding, remove all the bones from the fish and all that somehow can damage the puppy. Remember: fish should be given almost twice as much as meat because of low protein content. By the way, sometimes boil and grind the meat grinder along with the bones, which after the migration will be a good source of calcium. And yet, try feeding the puppy with cooked gobies: they are cheap, and most dogs like them.
What vegetables to give to the puppy? To feed the puppy, most types of vegetables are suitable: carrots, white cabbage, Bulgarian pepper, beets, zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkin. In food, give one kind of vegetable, or stir a few at once.
Vegetables contain all the necessary puppy microelements and vitamins, however, it is unlikely that vegetables will cause appetite in the pet. Accustom to vegetables from an early age. Put the finely chopped vegetables in the meat or in the porridge of the pet. Vegetables are given raw, cooked, pripuskayut or lightly fried (carrots for example), depending on what the puppy loves more. Be sure to put porridge, if possible, parsley, sorrel, dill and other greens in reasonable quantities.
Training dogs is a process that can not be postponed. They teach the pet basic commands from the moment they appear in the house.
To be engaged in training should be literally from the moment of acquisition of the long-awaited four-legged creature, and first the owners should learn about the puppy's upbringing in order to establish the rules of behavior in the house and prevent many problems in behavior.
The worms in dogs must be wound up sooner or later, because our little brothers keep a low eye for purity, and the owner himself is almost impossible to watch the dog constantly. Do not worry, simple prevention will help.
What are the most common mistakes in the education of puppies and dogs allowed beginners dog breeders, and how do you be if you made some mistake yourself? All problems will be solved, it would be your desire.
Grits puppy cooked on meat, vegetable broth, or on milk. To prepare the broth, use bones, while meat will lose a large part of the nutrients during prolonged cooking, so cook in the porridge at the end of cooking some of the meat along with the porridge, while the other part of the meat is fed raw. Used in cooking, bones do not allow the puppy to gnaw, but throw it away. Bones of animals are dangerous for dogs, it is better to replace them with a cheap artificial bone bought at a pet store. They are harmless to the puppy.
If you include cereals in your puppy's diet, be sure to change the types of cereals and mix them in one porridge, add to it vegetables cooked in different ways (boiled, raw, sprinkled, etc.), instead of meat try to put fish or some by-products . You can feed the meat raw, or completely weld it in broth. Your goal - to find the most attractive appetite for the puppy recipes. Only by your own experience, you will see that it is worth buying a puppy, and what better not to spend money.
What kind of croup to feed the puppy? Rice, buckwheat, oatmeal - suitable croup in porridge for puppies. It is not forbidden to interfere with these cereals in one cereal. Also sometimes the puppy is fed boiled peas with meat and vegetables.
How to cook porridge for a puppy? Pour into the pan with the prepared broth (at the worst with plain water) croup. The broth should be about two fingers more from the level of the poured groats. Try to boil all the vegetables or some of them in porridge, or put them raw rubbed on the grater just before feeding - experiment and so and so not to feed the puppy with food that will stagnate for several days in a bowl. When there are five minutes left until the porridge is ready, put one third of the meat you usually give before feeding (that is, 1/3 of the boiled meat and 2/3 of the raw puppy will eat before feeding). It is useful to add to the diet 1-2 times a week a chicken egg, previously hard-boiled.
Can I give a puppy a bone? Bones are good for use in broth - they are inexpensive and they make good from them. However, the bones themselves carry no nutritional value, moreover, they are harmful to the health of the puppy, because their fragments can get stuck in the throat or gastrointestinal tract. Then the campaign to the veterinarian is provided, and maybe the doctor can not help.
No matter how much your pet likes to bite the bones - do not let it do it. Buy in the pet store a few bones, which are absolutely safe for the puppy. Artificial bones will take a puppy for a long time and distract it from more important things in the house.
The water contains mineral salts useful to the body. Put a bowl of water on a stand next to a bowl for food and make sure that the water is always fresh. Do not fill a full bowl, it is better to pour fresh.
In moderate quantities, you need to give the puppy berries and fruits as a treat. You do not need to abuse fruits too much, as well as do not give products from the list of unwanted for dogs.
How much food to give a puppy for its full development? Portions you determine yourself, based on the breed of your dog, age and level of activity. It is better to feed the pet more often, but in smaller portions. An important role in the level of appetite is played by the ambient temperature. So, in winter dogs eat with great appetite, but in the summer the appetite, usually, falls significantly.
If the puppy does not live in the house but in the yard, then, especially in the cold season, he will need about half more food than the animal that lives with the owners in the house. In addition to the effects of cold, the dog living in the yard moves a little more. It is necessary to walk a dog in free territory even to those who live in a private house. Especially relevant are the exercise and exercise to the owners, who expect to grow as a loyal friend, and a worthy defender.
– творог или кальцинированный творог. 7.00 - curd or calcined cottage cheese. You can give oatmeal cooked on milk, where before feeding it is sometimes useful to put a teaspoon of honey. Croup from time to time change.
– каша с мясом и овощами. 10.00 - porridge with meat and vegetables. Make porridge on meat or vegetable broth. Part of the meat let's cooked, and some - raw.
– молоко, кефир или творог. 13.00 - milk, yogurt or cottage cheese.
– каша с мясом и овощами, приготовленная на бульоне (мясной или овощной). 16.00 - porridge with meat and vegetables, cooked on broth (meat or vegetable).
– молочные продукты (овсянка с молоком, кефир и т.п.). 19.00 - dairy products (oatmeal with milk, kefir, etc.).
– сырое мясо или рыба. 22.00 - raw meat or fish. It is very useful to give only one meat at night. Thus, the puppy will be stronger sleep and less want to go to the toilet. If your puppy whines , then you will have to work to wean this habit. Follow the link to find out more.
This was an example of the daily diet of a puppy. You have the right to interfere with the order of feeding of the listed products, experimenting and making up your own diet.
With age, make more emphasis on porridge with meat and vegetables, and give milk products a little less often. Puppy after 10 months you can give dairy products two or three times a week. Mainly yogurt, cottage cheese and yogurt (do it yourself, it will be cheap).
Now you have learned all the most necessary about the nutrition of the puppy and it will be easier for you to decide what to feed it. In comparison with quality dry food, natural food will be a little cheaper, but you will know that you put a puppy in the bowl, and do not rely on the decency of the producers of dry food. Although for busy people, drying is preferable. Well, let the choice of quality forage is limited, it is quite possible to find a suitable ready-made feed. For example, very good Akana, which also offers non-grain feed.
By the way, see the short video below. That's how dogs know how to ask to eat :)
|Main menu:||Parenting puppy||Training||How to wean the dog ...|
|Nutrition, health and care||The dog breed about the rocks|