How to train a dog? All commands for dogs.


Training dogs on their own

Training dogs independently and without the help of a specialist is possible if the owner teaches commands for dogs following the specified recommendations exactly. The owner will need more diligence and patience. These important qualities, along with the proper performance of each team, will allow the dog to train himself as efficiently and quickly as possible. Be sure to work hard, otherwise you'll waste your time and nothing will be achieved. Laziness never achieve anything.

So, how to train dogs, where to start classes, what do you need to train dogs and puppies for the most important teams, and what ammunition to take, what treat to give, where to train and how much?

How to train a dog? All teams for dogs of the general course.

First, let's talk about which teams should be taught the dog. If you have a puppy under 3 months old, then read how the training of puppies begins. Everyone who has an animal older than 3 months continues reading this article.

All the commands below are very necessary, so throwing any of them is not possible. If you do not read articles about the commands written below, then everything written in the article will seem to you too incomprehensible. . To get detailed information about the execution of a particular team, click on the links .

  1. . "To me . " The most necessary command, which is used more often than others in everyday life.
  2. . "Fu" . It is impossible to imagine coexistence with a dog without this command. Important as air.
  3. . "Near" . Every day you will use this command. Teach a dog to go near is not difficult, if you work correctly.
  4. – основа дрессировки. Endurance is the basis of training. Somehow, people do not do much to it, and they make a huge mistake. Without endurance, training is almost a waste of time.
  5. . "Sit down . " The right team, which is used very often.
  6. . "To lie down . " It is used rarely, but it is easy to learn.
  7. . "Standing" . Strangely enough, but it is used more often than "lying". Teach the dog this team will be somewhat difficult for a beginner.
  8. . "Give it to me . " Do not think that this is a useless team. It is useful for dogs of any breed that the owner wants to control, and is especially useful for dogs of serious breeds, whose duty it is to protect the owner (you need to teach the defense of the owner - so you can order the dog not only to attack the attacker, but also to release him).

    "Give" should be learned if you want the dog to give you a stick or toy left to it. But the command "give" the paw is better not to teach, because then the dog will just give you a paw every time you bend to it.

  9. . "Aport" . Thanks to the aportation, it will be much easier for you to walk a physically active dog. Also, it will allow the animal to be trained to search the terrain in the future. Be sure to teach her a pet from a young age!
  10. . Place . On your command, the dog must go to his place in the house. It's not scary if she sleeps anywhere, if the owners are happy, but she should know her place.
  11. . "Fas" . Mentioned this team here, as many owners are worried about the future of the dog as a defender. Forget about this command until you teach the dog to listen to you.

These were all the most necessary commands. By the way, you can teach them any dog ​​of any age. . To learn more about how to train dogs - be sure to click on the links . I did not try to paint every team here, otherwise the article was like a canvas of text. By the way, to make the dog more willing to perform commands, use different treats for dogs . With the delicacy the learning process goes much faster.

Now about how to conduct classes and how much.

How much to train a dog and a puppy, where and when?

Training can be done at home, giving such simple commands as "to me", "sit", "fu", etc. . But a full training can not be named, as the dog will obey the owners of the house, and will refuse obedience in the street .

Therefore, take a collar, fasten a leash to it, stock yourself with a delicacy and a good mood, and go on training yourself. Your first lessons are spent in a place where no one will interfere with you - complicate the situation and train in the presence of many irritants will later (gradually).

Teach the dog commands three times a week, for example: Monday, Wednesday, Friday. If too busy, then at least twice. Do not do the first lesson for longer than 35 - 45 minutes, and then increase the duration of training to 1 - 1.5 hours.

  1. : учите команды «рядом», «сидеть», «лежать», «ко мне» и обязательно дайте выдержку. Lesson one : teach the team "next", "sit", "lie", "to me" and always give an excerpt. The team "to me" practice while walking - just call the dog from time to time, as well as with restraint (details in the articles).
  2. : делайте то же самое, что и на первом занятии. Lesson two : do the same as in the first lesson.
  3. : дрессируйте как и раньше, но увеличьте время занятий до 45 минут - 1 часа. Lesson three : train as before, but increase the training time to 45 minutes - 1 hour. Also, it's time to enter the command "stand".
  4. : отрабатывайте всё те же команды. Lesson four : practice all the same commands. Now all your efforts should be aimed at achieving from the dog their ideal performance. Therefore, if something does not work, just look for the answer to the question and you will succeed!
  5. : на пятое и все последующие занятие занимайтесь отработкой этих же команд. Fifth lesson : for the fifth and all subsequent activities, work on the same teams. Require execution from one team, make sure that the dog works more stable! There is no use for "teams" for the teams. By the way, you can train a dog to go to any designated place on command. But at the moment you have something to do, and there are no articles suitable on the site :) Watch for new materials in the section "training" - there will be an article about how to teach a dog to go to the designated place.

The command "to me" is served during paddock, from time to time, as well as when the dog is lying on endurance and you decide to call her to yourself.

The team "Fu" will work out in everyday life. Artificial conditions for working off this team can create a scatter of food within a radius of several meters. When trying to pick up food - give a strict command "fu" and make a leap leash. More information about how to disaccustom the dog to pick up on the street read the link.

Useful article.

Do not know how to teach a dog to a tray or toilet on the street? Then the article on the link will help in training to the toilet in the right place.

The command "place" will be taught in the house, that is, by sending a dog to the place. To teach an animal to go to a designated place outside the house, you need to wait until I think of a new article or find information on the Internet yourself. In general, for obedience the team is useful, although in life it is used quite rarely.

Teams "Aport" and "Dai" will work out first while walking. Just play the dog with your favorite toy, the best thing is a puller, and give the "give" command several times at all times. By training a dog you will also work out anportation and "give", but in a more strict manner, not a game.

. Team "fac" is not a simple team, and it can only be taught by an experienced person . And no experienced person will take up the training of this team without preliminary work for obedience. If the cynologist sees that the dog is listening to you, then you will manage, most likely, several classes for obedience and go to the course of protection.

In what order to work and how much?

Interfere with commands as you like - this is the main condition. You can start with working off the team "next door", and after 5-10 minutes, start working off the command "sit", "lie down" and "stand". Then again go back to the team "next" and after 5-8 minutes, take an exposure. Exercise take another 5-10 minutes, after which you can work out the command "aport" and "give". Do them for 5-10 minutes.

To the next lesson, mix everything as it is! – такой подход положительно отразится на процессе дрессировки. Always change the order of the commands - this approach will positively affect the training process.

The most important moments in training.

  1. How to simplify training? Walk a good dog before training. Physically tired, it will be less distracted, and it will be much better to work. Such a small trick of 3-4 times will simplify the training.
  2. . Do not part with the teams . Make small pauses between teams. For example, practicing "sitting", "lying" and "standing", make a pause from 5-10 seconds before submitting the next command. That is, you do not need to part with the submission of commands, otherwise the dog will explode brain.
  3. . Only one command is given . Do not repeat any team more than twice. Then the dog will obey only the second, third and so on commands.
  4. . Stir the team . The dog does not need to know which team will be cast next time. That is, the same "sit, lie and stand" should be submitted in disagreement. Out of order. Also, you need to constantly change the order of execution of commands. For example, usually after exposure you worked out the command "to me", and now work out the command "next". In general, do all the teams, but get in the way of mess.
  5. . The dog is also tired . Excesses in training are harmful. An animal can not complain to you that, perhaps, it hurts your head or something else. Or maybe today he has a slightly different mood, and the teams are performing somehow reluctantly.

    Over time, the dog will obey the master all the better, and then it will work perfectly under any circumstances. But you must remember that you are dealing not with a computer, but with a living being.

  6. . Braking . It happens that during the training process the dog looks somehow intimidated. Teams like and fulfills, but somehow timidly, uncertainly. Most likely, you were too strict, this is the first training of an animal or the load was too great. Then get to the execution of any very simple team, after which lavishly praise the dog. And you need to encourage 3-4 times longer than usual. When the dog realizes that the owner approves it, it will work several times better. A good option - to break off at the game or walking.
  7. The escape. It happens that a puppy or dog breaks classes and rushes by some kind of irritant like a cat or dog passing by. In general, there is a reason. Then you need to work out the excerpt first on a long leash - so you can easily catch up with the animal, no matter how quickly it does not run. Enough length of leash in 3-5 meters (leash with a carabiner will cost very cheaply). In principle, in addition to aging, it is not particularly necessary somewhere else, except that when learning to be like a team and learning to take from the floor.
  8. Perfect obedience. Do not immediately, gradually and systematically teach the dog to the teams, making sure that she listens to you in any situation. To begin, persistently train the main teams and get them to perform immediately in quiet conditions. When all the commands are performed perfectly, the animal will have to complicate the training, creating artificially the situations in which the animal should obey you. This topic is worthy of a separate article, and at the moment you have something to do.
  9. Trains only one. The dog must perform basic commands from all family members. For this it is not necessary to walk and train everyone, but to know how to achieve the most basic commands should everyone. At the training level, only one member of the family should be present, otherwise the dog will be distracted.

That's all. I hope I wrote quite clearly how to train a dog and a puppy. Soon I will write a continuation of the article, in which the complexity of training will go. At the moment you definitely have something to do. Do not get distracted by anything, but first look at the cool video below just on the topic of dog training.

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