General description of the Chihuahua breed and advice on the content.

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The breed of chihuahua dogs is not only a favorite of "glamorous" girls who spend most of their lives at the level of the master's thigh in a cozy handbag. People who are far from the world of glamor do not make chicks for "ponts," or as an accessory to their clothes, but solely as a loyal friend, a sweet and friendly member of the family. Among the fans of the breed are a huge number of celebrities who managed to appreciate the unique features of the character of the Chihuahua and its amazing ability to please and be friends. If you do not understand people who have "sneezes", then you have never had the experience of communicating with these amazing creatures.

A chihuahua dog does not require scrupulous care of himself and his coat, is quite unpretentious to the conditions of life, it is easy to educate and it is easy to learn basic commands. Also, the breed is very playful, so it never refuses to walk with the owner. Games and physical activities of the chisha adore, but do not experience so much need for activity like other breeds. Dogs that do not have to walk do not exist.

Care and maintenance of the dog Chihuahua.

ниже среднего. Complexity of care: below average.

минимальный. Care of the coat: minimal.

2-4 раз в год. How many times to bathe: 2-4 times a year.

неприхотлив к условиям. Preferred living conditions: unpretentious to the conditions.

да, с выгулом. Can they live in an apartment? Yes, with a walk.

12-16 лет. Lifespan: 12-16 years.

Education and training:

низкая. Complexity of education: low.

минимальная. Complexity of training: minimal.

6-8 лет, можно доверить как уже взрослую собаку, так и щенка. You can deal with a child with: 6-8 years old, you can trust both an adult dog and a puppy.

chihuahua puppies

Breed standard (short).


до 3 кг. Dog weight: up to 3 kg.

до 2,5 кг. Bitch weight: up to 2.5 kg.

от 18 до 23см. Growing male: from 18 to 23cm.

от 15 до 20. Height of a bitch: from 15 to 20.

Мирриада цветов и оттенков! Color: Mirriada colors and shades!

Мексика. Country: Mexico.

очень давно. Date of birth of the breed: very long.

28.07.2009. Date of adoption of the standard: 28.07.2009.

9 собаки-компаньоны. Group FCI: 9 companion dogs.


218. FCI No. 218.

Chihuahua price.

до 200$. "With hands": up to 200 $.

от 300$ до 500$. PET-class: from $ 300 to $ 500.

от 700$ до 1500$. BRID-class: from $ 700 to $ 1500.

от 1000$-2000$ и выше. SHOW-class: from 1000 $ -2000 $ and above.

Purpose of the breed.

собака-компаньон, на большее не способен. Primary appointment: a companion dog, is no longer capable.

чихуахуа никогда не занимался полезной работой, его роль - дружить. Where it is used now: the chihuahua has never been engaged in useful work, its role is to be friends.

Attitude towards living beings.

недоверчивое, при воспитании - дружелюбное. Strangers: distrustful, with education - friendly.

хорошее отношение, но нужен контроль. Children living in the family: a good attitude, but need control.

хорошее (всё же нужно социализировать). Animals: good (still need to socialize).

Level of activity and paddock:

ниже среднего. Need for activity: below average.

игривые создания. Playfulness: playful creatures.

от получаса. Duration of the walk: from half an hour. More is better.

ценят активные игры и возможность просто погулять. Intensity of walking: appreciate active games and the opportunity to just walk.


It is not difficult to learn, it's good to be educated.

Obtrusive, playful character.

Watchful, sonorous watchman.

Not exacting to the conditions of detention.

Does not require complex maintenance.


They can be aggressive, therefore education and training are compulsory.

The excessive desire to protect the owner is more a symptom of the lack of a leader in the pack.

Very fragile creatures that require careful care.

Ideal companions for:

Single people, busy families.

For the growing up child.

Those who want a miniature watchman.

Those who do not particularly care for dog hair.

Bad choice for:

Families with young children (you need to follow the dog).

Those who will not engage in the dog seriously.

Busy people.

People who do not tolerate dog barking.

The nature of the Chihuahua. Who will approach the breed?

The Chihuahua breed, though small, has such confidence and courage that any fighting dog will envy. Because of his ardent temperament, the Chihuahua often gets involved in fights with larger breeds. The strength of the character, though important, but, unfortunately, it is unlikely to save the pet from the teeth of another dog. However, with the family members the breed is very friendly and strongly attached to one of its members. Most likely it will be the one who spends the most time with the dog. If you have pets at home, then the chihuahua quickly make friends with them.

This breed can be made by anyone who likes it, but first you need to pay attention to your living conditions and opportunities. Chihuahua dog, although small, but needs to walk and at least a short game to relieve excess energy. If you are a single person or you have a large family, you often receive guests or they are rare in your home, the sneeze will be equally good in any company. True, it's not a good idea to start this breed in a family with young children who do not know how to behave with a dog. Take the Chihuahua only if you follow the communication of the child and the dog. Because of its small size, the innocent pranks of the baby in the form of slaps and blows are too painful for the dog.

Interesting articles.

Small breeds of dogs are capable of loving no less than the biggest friends of a person;) Follow the link to learn more about the breeds of the smallest dogs.

History of the breed of chihuahua (shortly).

A distant ancestor of the current breed of chihuahua dogs is, presumably, the dog techichi. The first mention of it dates back to 1500 BC. This tiny dog ​​was considered sacred by the ancient Aztecs, Maya and Toltec. At the beginning of the XVI century, the Aztec lands were conquered by the Spaniards, who fell in love with the meat of sacred animals, which almost led to the complete disappearance of the breed. The Spaniards also used teicichi (crossed with small dogs without woolen cloth brought from China) to catch rats on their ships. Perhaps in the blood of modern chihuahua runs the blood of Chinese breeds.

In the 1800s, trips to North America were popular with European tourists, who were sold by local residents to "Chihuahua dogs" on the bordering territories with Mexico. Tourists brought home strange dogs that caused a huge interest in themselves. Soon all over Europe began to organize clubs fans of the breed. In Russia the breed was the first in NS. Khrushchev, whom Fidel Castro gave to two Chihuahuas. In our time, the Chihuahua is one of the most popular breeds of dogs, which has become a pet for millions of families.

The maintenance and care of the chihuahua.

It is not difficult to care for a chihuahua. Use a brush to care for the fur, use cotton swabs to clean the ears, and check the claws of the pet so they do not grow too large. Bathing a sneeze should not be more than 2-4 times a year, while using a special shampoo for dogs. To protect against fleas, ticks, worms and other pests, you should use the same tools as for all other breeds. Although the snakes do not require a long walk, but the opportunities to frolic in the fresh air will surely rejoice, so use the means of parasites in the warm season.

Feed chihuahua can be both dry food, and prepared independently from natural products, but you need to choose one thing. If you intend to feed by drying, then choose a dog food super-premium. Feeding natural products is good because you see what it is putting in a dog bowl, that is, you can control the quality and quantity of the desired products. For money it may be more profitable to feed dry food, especially for residents of megacities. Residents of small towns have a sense in feeding natural products.

Education and training of the Chihuahua.

Training chihuahua - the process is not complex and not lengthy. To know the whole general course of training chihu is not necessary. Enough training for the most necessary commands like "to me", "fu", "next", "place", "sit." Thanks to gradual training, both at home and on the street, the dog will perform ideally any master's orders. Any member of the family can do the training of the breed, but all domestic people should be able to control the dog. Guests are not allowed to command the dog and feed her, from an early age, she is taught only with master hands.

Raising a chihuahu is also easy. Accustoming to the toilet will definitely be given easily, if it is consistent, constant and persevering. Drain from bad habits, like gnawing at home interior items, biting your hands with your feet, picking up muck from the floor, other unwanted behavior is quite simple. Even children of 6-8 years old can engage in education and training, but parents should always be ready to help if the child can not cope.

Below you can watch a video with Caesar Milan, in which this experienced uncle struggles with the behavior problems of obstinate chihuahuas.

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